The most common humanitarian applications are made to allow refugees to remain in Australia (a protection visa application) or to bring them here from overseas (offshore humanitarian applications). A further and important part of the migration program is the request which can be made to the Minister for Immigration to allow someone to obtain a visa although they do not fit the legal framework (Ministerial intervention cases). Because protection visa applications and Ministerial intervention requests are commonly abused, we take particular care to counsel applicants before proceeding with such an application or request.